Religious belief and right wing politics - or, inability to ignore distractor correlates with religiosity.
One of the most important case studies in neurology - the fascinating case of Phineas Gage... the guy with a meter long iron tamping rod driven through his skull. Here is a write up at BBC.
Poor Phineas, but what about that guy that got a miniature fencing foil stuck in the base of his brain.
The neural correlates of 80's hip hop - RUN DMC - the "Radboud University Nijmegen Diffusion tensor and Magnetic resonance imaging Cohort study
Here is more evidence suggesting that listening to foreign accented speech biases perceived "thruthiness."